«DETAILED FEASIBILITY STUDY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDY FOR ASHUGANJ 450MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT (SOUTH) AT ASHUGANJ EXISTING POWER ...»
ASHUGANJ POWER STATION COMPANY LTD
[AN ENTERPRISE OF BANGLADESH POWER DEVELOPMENT BOARD)
DETAILED FEASIBILITY STUDY AND ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDY FOR ASHUGANJ 450MW
COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT (SOUTH) AT ASHUGANJ
EXISTING POWER STATION SITE
SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT
ATLANTA ENTERPRISE LIMITEDin association with
PROKAUSHAL UPODESTA LIMITEDHOUSE NO-1 ROAD NO-3 SECTOR-7, UTTARA, DHAKA-1230 JUNE 2011
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
1.2. SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY
1.4 SOCIO ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE SURVEY AREA AND LANDSCAPE
1.5. Population and Demography 1.5.1. Population
1.6 FINDINGS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEY
1.7. Social and Economic Impact of the project and Existing Situation 1.7.1 FISHING 1.7.2. Agriculture
1.7.3 ARCHEOLOGICAL, CULTURAL HERITAGE AND RELIGIOUS SITE
1.7.4 CULTURAL ASPECTS AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLE1.7.5 TRAFFIC 1.7.6 TREES 1.7.7 TOURISM 1.7.9 MEDIA ACCESS AND CULTURAL ASPECTS 1.7.10 INDUSTRY 1.7.11 NGO ACTIVITIES 1.7.12 CROPPING PATTERN LAND USE 1.7.13 HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE ToC P-1 CHAPTER-2
2.1 COMMUNITY CONSULTATION2.1.1 Information Dissemination Process 2.1.2 Key Stakeholder’s View 2.1.3 Summary of Consultation 2.1.4 Ensure Community Participation 2.1.5 Suggestion from the Local People 2.1.6 Resettlement
2.2. Recommendations List of Tables Table.1 Population and demographic characteristics surrounding the project area (Zila, Upazilas and Paurashavas).
Table.2 Population and demographic characteristics surrounding the project area unions of Ashuganj and Bhaiab Upazila Table.3 Population and demographic characteristics surrounding the project area PourashavaUnions of Bhairab Upazilas Table 3.1 Popultion of the Project Upazila Table-4 Type of Religion of the sample households Bhairab Upa Table 5 Household Members (Male & Female).
Table-6 Land holdings and Ownership Land of Ashuganj Upazila Table 7 Main house of the dwelling household by type of structure Table 8: Access to Health Facilities Table- 9.1 Access of Drinking Water Table- 9.2 Access of sanitary Latrne Table- 9.3 Access of sanitary Latrine Table- 9.4 Access of Drinking Water Table 10 Cooking Fuel Table: 11 Rate of literacy for male and Female Table 12 Electricity Facility Table13.1 Impact of Proposed Combined Cycle Power Plant at Ashuganj Table13.2 Impact of Proposed Combined Cycle Power Plant at Ashuganj of different Aspects Table 14 Marital Status of the Project Area Table 15 Yearly Income Table 16.1 Occupational Pattern of the Households Table 16.2 Occupational Pattern of the Households Table17 Cropping Patterns Practiced in the Study Area
1.1 Ashuganj Upazila Profile
1.2 Bhairab Upazila Profile
2. Annexure-2 Minutes of the Focus Group at Upazila Complex (To be corrected by Atlanta)
3. Annexure-3 Questionnaire and Check list for FGD Meeting and KII (Checklist 1 & 2)
4. Annexure-4 Picture of the FGD Meeting (At Atlanta, will be supplied later)
5. Annexure-5 Leaflet distributed in the FGD Meeting (At Atlanta)
APSCL-Ashuganj Power Station Company Ltd BBS-Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics BPDB-Bangladesh Power Development Board CCPP-Combined Cycle Power Plant CSR-Corporate Social Responsibility DOE-Department of Environment DPHE- Department of Public Health and Engineering FGD- Focus Group Discussion Haor- Large low lying area formed naturally KII-Key Informant’s Information PRA- Participatory Rural Appraisal RRA- Rapid Rural Appraisal
The main objective of the proposed study is to construct the 450MW CCPP (South) to meet the growing demand of BPDB’s power system. The executive summary of the SIA study is as follows.
For benchmark socio economic analysis, a survey was carried out on both the banks of the river Meghna. This has been done on the basis of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA). One FGD was held at Upazila level and Five Focus Group discussion (FGD) were organized in the union level with about 200 stakeholders of different social strata representing the project area. There was a checklist and structured questionnaire for discussion in the FGD, KII (Key Informer’s Information) for primary and secondary data collection.
The survey covers roughly an area of 5 km radius around the proposed Ashuganj combined cycle power plant project site.
The project area designated for the construction of the 450MW Combned Cycle Power Plant(South) is a part of Ashuganj Upazila under Brahmanbaria district and Bhairab upazila under Kisoreganj district. Considering the Union/Pourashava coverage, a total of- 7 unions/Pourashava are in the project site around five km radius of which 4 are in Ashuganj.
viz.Char Charchartala, Ashuganj, Araishida, Durgapur(Dakshin Panisar) and 2 unions and one Pourashava are in Bhairab Upazila, These are Bhairab Pourashava, Srinagar (part of previous Sadekpur) and Simulkandi..
Both secondary and primary data have been used for SIA analysis.
A good number of the respondents of key stakeholders (52.54%) provided positive answers regarding the installation of the project. Rests are also positive with some comments and precautions.
The project is expected to enhance the economic development of the study area. The study area generally represents an industrial belt. There is high demand of electricity in the area.
Hence, production of electricity will bring about speedy industrialization in the area and consequently generate employment opportunities.
Livelihoods, Employment and Income
The Construction of the plants is likely to lead to the short term employment of a number of local people (400 to 500 people). In addition to this the additional income injected into the local economy through spending on local products and services will also have a positive impact, though this will be limited in duration.
The Ashuganj Power plant project will not result in long term or widespread damages that would impact negatively upon subsistence and lifestyles of local residents. Jobs provided to local people will increase the local economic base.
All these will contribute positively towards the livelihoods, employment and income sources of the local people despite being of short duration.
Discussion with the local elected representatives will be conducted during implementation to help avoid dissatisfaction of the specific area people.
Agriculture and Cropping Proposed power plant will be constructed in the existing premises of the project plant site where 2×64 MW steam turbine generators, 3×150 MW steam turbine generator,1×90 MW CCPP and 1×56 gas turbine generator are already prevailed in the present site. Earlier construction of 150MW CCPP and another 450MW CCPP are under process. But no new acquisition and requisition are needed. Also, on agriculture there will not be any negative impact. Since the area is low lying, main characteristic of the cropping pattern in the area consists of boro and rabi as the main crops in the area.
Social and Cultural Practices
The influx of outsiders may cause some disruption to the social and cultural practices of the local people. This may increase demand for food, fuel wood and other daily necessities. This may also include pressure on local utilities and service facilities particularly on potable water, health and sanitation. However, with the nature of activities and APSCL’s plans to manage these demands and disruptions, these potential impacts will be minor, temporary in nature and able to be mitigated. APSCL will seek to reduce this impact by introducing a Code of behaviour (to be developed in consultation with local communities). Good relationships should be established with local communities and help support their community activities and representatives from local communities should be allowed to join the committee to promote fairness and transparency of any unforeseen damages. Finally, since most of the workers will be from the local region, the potential for changes in local cultures is considered to be low.
Archaeology and Historical Places
There are no known remarkable archeological or historically important sites in and around the survey area. But about six to seven kilometer away, three kilometer west of Belabo upazila in the Narshigdhi district historically important relics of ancient civilization (450 BC) named Wari Bateshwar exists. However, there will be no impact on this historic archeological site during or after the construction of the proposed plant. The probability of finding significant cultural resources in the designated areas is low.
Araishidha union of Ashuganj is the birthplace of renowned poet Abdul Kadir, situated at a distance of about three km south of the proposed plant. The place will not be affected anyway. As a historic item, Bhairab Rail Bridge, constructed during British period can be mentioned which is located within one km of the plant site. No negative impact is identified on this historic site from the project.
Commercial and Recreation Activities
The project should not interfere with any local commercial or recreational activities. The project site is located to the north east of Ashuganj Bazar in the less populated area and will avoid areas of high human activity for logistic and operational reasons. Therefore, the potential for any negative impacts is considered low.
Traffic Project area is very important relating to the communication. Roads, river and rail traffic halts in the area. It is the gateway of haor region and greater Sylhet district. In past the project site was a portion of greater Comilla district. Strategically the site is very important and in near future location value of the area will be increased manifold after proposed connection with’ Asian Highway’ and transit point with Indian territory as Ashuganj has been declared as port on call and also Ashuganj will be connected by rail with Indian Tripura state.
Launch, cargo boats and mechanized country boats use the river port on both bank of the river Meghna. River traffic is the only way of movement in the haor areas both for human traffic and cargo traffic. The approximate size of haor areas is 5000 sq km.
During project period public roads will be the main way of moving transport to carry the equipment and personnel to the field. Traffic will be disrupted of short term duration at intermittent periods. The potential impacts of the traffic on existing roads will be of low severity and will not have any long term impacts on the existing traffic patterns and socio economic environment.
Population and demography
Population density of Ashuganj Upazila is 2158 per Sq. Km. and in Bhairab Upazila the figure is 1774 per Sq. Km. The survey conducted on the approximate sample population of 2,50,000 and of 50 thousand household within 5km radius around plant site. Within 2km radius population is roughly 1, 25,000. Data have been collected from this around 5km radius of the project location. Respondents gave their views and comments about the impacts of implementation of the proposed 450MW Ashuganj Combined Cycle Power Plant (South) Project.
Crop and Cropping Pattern
Main crops grown in the study area are Aus, Aman and Boro paddy. Besides this, potato, sweet potatoes, oil seeds, vegetables, arum, til (sesame), wheat, sugarcane, mustard etc.
are cultivated in the study area. Of fruits jackfruit, lemon, watermelon are produced in the study area.
At present, professional fishing community is (2%) in the project area. During monsoon some people of the project site catch fishes in the Upper Meghna River. Fish is an important resource of the area. There are two large ‘arats’, fish sales centres, one in Bhairab and another in Kuliarchar. Fishes are exported to the Dhaka city mainly from these arats. Impact on fishery of the project is found minor.
The unbound natural beauty of the project area, wide river (upstream of the river Meghna) and its fresh water offer great prospects of tourism in the area. But no commercial tourism has been developed till today in the area. The strategic location of the area is very important.
Scope of river cruise, excursion, plenty of fishes, hotel facilities, picnic spot, and archeological relic, easy communication of rail, road and river has made the area for flourishing the area as tourist spot.