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«I. The Foundation for the Accreditation of Study Programmes in Germany (Stiftung zur Akkreditierung von Studiengängen in Deutschland), hereafter ...»

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Decision on the Application of the Foundation for International Business

Administration Accreditation (FIBAA) for Re-Accreditation Dated 12 May 2006

(Decision of the Accreditation Council Dated 16 February 2007)

I.

The Foundation for the Accreditation of Study Programmes in Germany (Stiftung zur

Akkreditierung von Studiengängen in Deutschland), hereafter referred to as Accreditation

Council, herewith accredits the Foundation for International Business Administration

Accreditation (FIBAA) pursuant to § 2 Article 1 No. 1 of the “Law establishing a foundation ‘Foundation for the Accreditation of Study Courses in Germany’” based on the stipulations of the following provisions and herewith grants FIBAA the authority to accredit study programmes by awarding the seal of the Accreditation Council.

II.

The decision pursuant to above Article I shall become effective as of 15 March 2007.

III.

The accreditation and authorisation pursuant to above Article I shall be granted for a term of five years; subject to revocation pursuant to subsequent Article V. Pursuant to § 1 Article 1 Sentence 2 of the decision “Decisions of the Accreditation Council: Types and Effects” dated 15 December 2005 said accreditation shall expire on 14 March 2012. In the event that ENQA should decide by 31 December 2009 that based on general European standards an accreditation with a term of more than five years can be permitted, the accreditation term shall subsequently be extended to the maximum term permitted under general European standards, however, the extension term shall not exceed three additional years.

IV.

The accreditation council has determined that FIBAA does not meet some of the quality requirements; pursuant to § 1 Article 3 of the decision “Decisions of the Accreditation Council: Types and Effects” dated 15 December 2005, these requirements are however not relevant. Consequently, accreditation is granted subject to compliance with the following

conditions:

Condition 1 FIBAA shall modify its assessment and decision-making practices immediately by desisting from the practice of enforcing the elimination of identified inadequacies through written covenants from the universities and to instead grant accreditation subject to compliance with

conditions pursuant to the accreditation council “Decisions of the accreditation agencies:

Types and Effects” dated 22 June 2006. FIBAA shall submit a written report on the modification by 30 October 2007. * Condition 2 FIBAA shall submit evidence of the mandatory modification of the questionnaire and assessment catalogue, by implementing a distinct separation of accreditation criteria that have to be met to obtain the seal of the accreditation council and of criteria required to get the quality seal of approval of FIBAA, but not of the accreditation council, by 30 October

2007. Moreover, it shall verify that only the criteria relevant to the acquisition of the seal of the accreditation council are being applied. * Condition 3 By 30 October 2007, FIBAA shall submit evidence of the mandatory modification of the questionnaire and assessment catalogue, by adding a criterion to the list of accreditation criteria that must be met to obtain the seal of the accreditation council, the object of which is the verification of the quality orientation of the university pursuant to Criterion 7 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. *

Condition 4

By 30 October 2007, FIBAA shall submit evidence of the mandatory modification of the questionnaire and assessment catalogue, by adding a criterion to the list of accreditation criteria that must be met to obtain the seal of the accreditation council, the object of which is the verification of the implementation of the university concept for the fostering of gender equality pursuant to Criterion 10.4 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. * Condition 5 By 30 October 2007, FIBAA shall submit evidence of the mandatory modification of the questionnaire and assessment catalogue, by adding a criterion to the list of accreditation criteria that must be met to obtain the seal of the accreditation council, the object of which is the verification of the compliance of the study programme with the requirements of the German qualification frame work pursuant to Criterion 9 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. * Condition 6 By 30 October 2007, FIBAA shall submit evidence of the mandatory modification of the questionnaire and assessment catalogue, by adding a criterion to the list of accreditation criteria that must be met to obtain the seal of the accreditation council, the object of which is the verification of the consideration of the linkage structures in the evaluation of university statements concerning the execution of the study programme pursuant to Criterion 11 of the “Criteria for the accreditation of accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. *

Condition 7

By 31 December 2007 FIBAA shall submit evidence of the mandatory provision of criteria adequate staffing of organs and expert groups pursuant to Criteria 2.8 and 2.9, including a description of its selection processes. In this context, FIBBA shall also verify that it has in place a mandatory written description of FIBAA business office tasks. *





Condition 8

FIBAA shall immediately modify its decision-making practices to the effect that expert references, statements from the university and additional statements from the accreditation commission shall be identified as separate documents and in particular that no modifications shall be made by experts through the accreditation commission. FIBAA shall submit a written report on the modified practice by 30 October 2007. *

Condition 9

By 31 December 2007, FIBAA shall submit a mandatory decision and application of criteria for the summary of study programmes in a study programme bundle pursuant to Criterion 20 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. * Moreover, the accreditation council shall expect that accreditation practices carried out by them regarding the target expansion of the professional spectrum also meet the “Criteria for the accreditation of accreditation Agencies" dated 15 December 2005.

* condition fulfilled V.

If FIBAA does not fulfil these conditions within the respective term or the conditions are not fulfilled after the respective term has expired, the Accreditation Council may revoke the

accreditation pursuant to § 7 Article 2 of the decision “Decisions of the Accreditation Council:

Types and Effects” dated 15 December 2005.

VI. Reasons

General:

Based on the experts’ report, the report on the submitted process documentation and the hearing, the accreditation council has arrived at the conclusion that the Foundation for International Business Administration Accreditation (FIBAA) essentially meets the adopted “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005.

Overall the accreditation council has the impression that the agency has developed positively in many respects in the past years and that regular improvements to the quality of their operation is to be documented. This applies primarily to the implementation of the procedural fundamentals revised by the accreditation council in 2005.

Thanks to its long-time experience in this field, FIBAA was able to substantiate verifiable assessment procedures with a high level of the implementation of the procedures for the accreditation of study programmes. It possesses an understanding of the quality of study programmes and perceives that its function is to support universities in the further development of their Bachelor, Master, and PhD study programmes. In close collaboration with partner universities, they aim to improve the quality of study programmes and to obtain their accreditation. This quality process includes a consultation in quality management, an assessment of the content and structure of the study programme, as well as – upon presentation of the conditions – awarding FIBAA seal of quality. A successful accreditation procedure that is completed by FIBAA ensures a certificate of quality for new study programmes and, at the same time, academic acceptance, professional relevance and market acceptance.

For the overall professional implementation of this function, FIBAA largely possesses the necessary institutions and personnel resources in quantitative or qualitative respects. Over the programme of their existing routine, they have established and continue to constantly develop the implementation of procedures.

The modification of criteria for the accreditation of study programmes shall be conducted routinely and, as a rule, through the appropriate interpretation of the policies prepared by the conference of German Cultural Ministers and the accreditation council. This positive overall assessment does not exclude deficiencies from being observed in this area.

Ref. Condition 1:

§ 1 Article 3 of the decision of the accreditation council “Decisions of the Accreditation Agencies: Types and Effects” dated 22 June 2006, provides for the case of nonessential quality deficiencies an accreditation subject to the imposition of conditions, the fulfilment of which remedies the deficiency. Correction of the deficiencies by means of a one-sided commitment on the part of the university is not provided for. Apart from that, such a procedure is also unsuitable for enforcing the correction of deficiencies, since the fulfilment of the commitment does not present a disbanding condition since FIBBA no longer has any control over the situation once the accreditation has been granted. Furthermore, such a procedure constitutes a melding of evaluation and consultation, given that in extreme cases FIBAA is actually accrediting recommendations it proposed. While such a procedure certainly has the capacity to improve quality, it is not the responsibility of an accreditation agency to directly perceive quality growth as an instrumental function; rather quality improvement should be an indirect result of its activity.

Ref. Conditions 2 to 6:

The mandatory criteria for accreditation are listed in Chapter II of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. In the criteria sets listed in their questionnaire and assessment catalogue, FIBAA goes over these criteria and, as an example, cites criteria that clearly stem from international agreements on the accreditation of MBA study programmes. Since FIBAA also carries out accreditation, with which they do not assign a seal from the accreditation council, it shall be assumed that they apply other criteria in such procedures. Nevertheless, FIBAA works with a uniform criteria set, which leads to ambiguity with regard to the relevant accreditation criteria on the part of the university. As per Criterion 15.1 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005, which calls for the greatest possible transparency, a precise separation between such criteria and the procedural criteria according to the accreditation council’s guidelines is therefore required.

With regards to the mandatory completion of bullet points two to five of the questionnaire and assessment catalogue, the explanation arises from the fact that these criteria are obligatory pursuant to “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005. FIBAA criteria set is however not included. Even when on location inspection details show that that they were even partially applied, a mandatory regulation is necessary.

Ref. Condition 7:

The accreditation council was convinced that the functional adequacy of the organ composition and the structural participation of the groups are indeed currently given. This composition, however, is not regulated in the statute. Pursuant to Criteria 2.8 and 2.9 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005, this functionally adequate composition is however of key significance for securing a qualitative high-value function of the agency, which is why the concurrence cannot remain abandoned, but the articles are to be regulated legally.

As per Criterion 2.2 of the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005, the competencies and responsibility of the agency shall be clearly assigned in-house. This unambiguous agreement shall be the condition for the respective organ and acting persons to be able to assume their functions, and thus for the agency to be able to fully assume responsibility for its agents. FIBAA indeed fulfils these criteria with regards to the organ. However, a mandatory agreement of the task breakdown for the business office is provided for neither in the foundation statute nor in business regulations.

Ref. Condition 8:

As per Criterion 2.2 the “Criteria for the Accreditation of Accreditation Agencies” dated 15 December 2005, the competencies and responsibility of the agency shall be clearly assigned in-house. This unambiguous agreement shall be the condition for the respective organ and acting persons to be able to assume their functions, and thus for the agency to be able to fully assume responsibility for its agents. Clear separation between agents is mandatory for the allocation of responsibility and shall therefore not be blurred. This applies when, for example, the accreditation commission subsequently modifies the report, or the universities’ statements are subsequently integrated into the report. This does not mean that the accreditation commission, for example, can defect based on the experts’ vote, or that they cannot name errors or falsities in the report. This must however be done in a private statement or response.

Ref. Condition 9:



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