«African Road Safety Conference Accra, Ghana 5-7 February 2007 Report of the Meeting of the Experts Executive summary The African Road Safety ...»
Commission for Africa
African Road Safety Conference
5-7 February 2007
Report of the Meeting of the Experts
The African Road Safety Conference was held from 5 – 7 February 2007
in Accra, Ghana. It was co-organised by the UN Economic Commission
for Africa and the World Health Organization, with support from a
number of agencies, notably the Swedish International Development
Agency (SIDA), the FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society, the Sub-Saharan African Transport Policy Program (SSATP), the World Bank, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), and the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP). More than 250 delegates attended the conference.
The objectives of the conference were as follows:
To review progress made by African countries in improving road safety;
To plan for the implementation of the recommendations of the World report on road traffic injury prevention and the African Road Safety Initiative;
To continue preparations for the First UN Global Road Safety week;
To advance the development of national action plans for road safety for countries in the region; and To identify ways of mobilizing resources to rapidly improve road safety.
After three days of deliberations, the conference made the following
recommendations for countries:
1. Institutions: Establish a lead agency that has proper legal backing, and is empowered and supported by adequate financial resources to ensure that it is well equipped and staffed with appropriately trained personnel;
2. Data: Improve the collection, management and use of data on road deaths and injuries so as to formulate evidencebased policies. In this regard, efforts should be made to address the non-reporting of accidents, and to harmonise data that originate from different sources;
3. Road safety Education: Commit to educating the general public on road safety matters, taking into consideration special categories such as drivers and school children;
4. Road safety management: Make the necessary effort to improve road safety management on the continent. In this regard, good practices from within the continent should be recognized, widely disseminated, and emulated;
5. Policy and harmonization: Harmonise national action plans at sub-regional level (including databases, regulations, infrastructure, and equipment standards);
6. Quick wins: Endeavour to enforce road safety legislation, particularly those related to speed control, control of driving while under the influence of alcohol, prehospital and emergency trauma care, use of helmets, and enhancing visibility;
7. Partnership and collaboration: Strengthen partnership and collaboration at sub-regional, regional and global levels in advancing the road safety agenda;
8. Rural road safety: Mainstream road safety in national transport policies, including rural transport safety;
9. National road safety targets: Set and achieve measurable targets to contribute to achieving the goal of reducing accident fatalities by half by 2015; and 10. UN Global Road Safety Week: Urge all African countries to commemorate the first UN Global Road safety Week by organising activities at the national level and participating at the Youth Forum in Geneva in April 2007.
1. The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) jointly organized the African Road Safety Conference in Accra, Ghana, from 5 – 7 February 2007, on the theme: Road Safety and Millennium Development Goals: Reducing the rate of accident fatalities by half by 2015.
UNECA and WHO received commendable and generous support from the Government of Ghana and a number of agencies, including the Swedish International Development Agency, the FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society, the Sub-Saharan African Transport Policy Program (SSATP), the World Bank, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, and the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP). More than 250 delegates attended the conference.
2. The main objectives of the conference were: to review progress made by African countries in improving road safety; to plan implementation of the recommendations of the World report on road traffic injury prevention and the African Road Safety Initiative;
to continue preparations for the First UN Global Road Safety week;
to advance the development of national action plans for road safety for countries in the region; and to identify ways of mobilizing resources to rapidly improve road safety..
3. Delegates were from the following African countries: Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. In addition, the following international organizations participated: African Union Commission, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, World Health Organization, Sub-Saharan African Transport Policy Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, World Bank, Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS), FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society, Department for International Development (DFID), SITRASS, International Forum for Rural Transport Development (IFRTD), Handicap International, and Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP). The full list of participants is attached as annex1 Proceedings The conference adopted the program of work, attached as annex 2 Day One: Monday, 5 February 2007 Opening Ceremony
4. Mr. Osei-Asamoah, Chief Director of the Department of Policy and Planning, Ghana Ministry of Transport, chaired the session. He welcomed delegates to the African Road Safety Conference and to Accra, Ghana and wished them a good conference and stay in the country.
5. The following dignitaries were introduced and each gave a brief
• Minister of Interior, Ghana;
• Deputy minister for Health, Ghana;
• Representative of the Economic Commission for Africa;
• WHO Representative, Ghana;
• Representative of the World Bank; and
• Representative of the African Union.
6. All the dignitaries called for increased attention to road safety, including the implementation of the recommendations of the World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention and those of the Global Road Safety Commission. They also urged delegates to work together to achieve the African Union target of reducing road traffic crashes by 50% by the year 2015. In particular they highlighted
the need for:
• Increased political will at national and international levels;
• Multi-sectoral involvement (particularly between transport, health, and internal affairs);
• Better data analysis and evaluation of programmes;
• Improved health care systems for road accident victims;
• Remembrance for those who have died in crashes;
• Increased research in the area of road safety; and
• Increased resources and international cooperation.
7. The Deputy Minister of Transport for Ghana, the Honourable Magnus Opare-Asamoah, gave the keynote address.
The Social and Economic Implications on Road Traffic Crashes in Africa Plenary Session 1 Preventing road traffic injuries world wide: what works?
Dr. Etienne Krug WHO
8. Dr Krug gave an overview of road traffic injuries around the world with a special focus on the magnitude and risk factors in Africa. He summarised briefly what had happened at the international level since the launch of the WHO / World Bank World report on road traffic injury prevention on World Health Day in 2004. This included the passing of two UN resolutions, the WHO resolution on road safety and the setting up of the UN Road Safety Collaboration.
9. He stressed the need for both a multi-sectoral and systems approach to road safety with a focus on good practices such as use of helmets, speed and alcohol control, use of seat belts and safe infrastructure. He highlighted the need for good pre-hospital and trauma services for victims of road traffic crashes and drew delegates’ attention to the newly passed WHO executive board resolution on emergency medical care. He called for all countries to implement the recommendations of the World Report.
10. Dr Krug concluded his presentation by reminding delegates that the First UN Global Road Safety week is planned for 23-27 April 2007 and that those countries that had not yet nominated a youth for the Youth Assembly should be encouraged to do this soon.
Road Safety Development in Africa Mr. M. E. Dhliwayo, UNECA
11. Mr Dhliwayo gave an overview of road safety efforts in Africa.
He focused on a number of useful initiatives which have been undertaken - both globally and regionally - such as the World Report, the International Road Traffic Accident Database (IRTAD) of the OECD, the Microcomputer Accident Analysis Package (MAAP) developed by Transport Research laboratories UK (TRL) and others. He also gave credit to a number of important organizations such as the SSATP, the World Bank, the Global Road Safety Partnership, SADC and others who were supporting road safety projects in Africa. He used Kenya, South Africa and Burkina Faso as examples of countries where such programs have been successful.
12. The meeting was informed that the ECA has sponsored three road safety congresses in Africa - the first in Kenya, the second in Ethiopia and the third in South Africa. The aim of these congresses was to share and exchange information and to create a forum for building networks. The African Road Safety Initiative (ARSI) was an outcome of the congress held in South Africa. ARSI is a vehicle to address road safety issues in Africa - at both a multi-sectoral and multidisciplinary level. Mr Dhliwayo concluded by presenting some of the focus areas for ARSI.
Make Roads Safe: Raising Political Commitment and Resources.
Mr. David Ward, FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society
13. Mr Ward focused on Africa’s response to road safety problems and stressed the important role road safety could play in efforts towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
14. He briefly introduced the Global Road Safety Commission which is an independent committee chaired by Lord Robertson, the ex-NATO Secretary General who was himself involved in a motor vehicle collision but was saved by the seat-belt. The Global Road Safety Commission, which uses the World report on road traffic injury prevention as its basis, has two major objectives: to encourage the implementation of the World Report; and to propose an action plan for global road safety.
He informed the conference of the Commission’s three key recommendations that: A $300 million, 10 year action plan for road safety be developed; all road infrastructure projects commit 10% of the cost of the project to road safety; and a ministerial conference (for transport and health) on global road safety be held in 2009 under the auspices of the United Nations.
13. 15. Mr Ward concluded his presentation by showing a short film on road safety in Africa and the need for political will to support road safety efforts.
16. Under this item of the agenda, Mr. Amakoe Adolehoume, Mr.
Emmanuel Yoro, Mr. Abebe Asrat, Mr. Dele Brown, Mr. Francis Afukaar and Mr. Nestor Vitodegni made presentations. Mr. K. Abbey Sam, of Global Road Safety Partnership Ghana chaired the session.
Road Safety Management Mr. Amakoe, SITRASS Mr. Yoro, UEMOA
17. Mr Amakoe of the International Solidarity for Transport Research in Sub Saharan Africa (SITRASS) and Mr. Yoro of the Economic and Monetary Union of West Africa (UEMOA) focused their joint presentation on road safety management in West Africa. They highlighted the complex and multisectoral nature of road safety and outlined the current situation in the region, characterized by little progress in preventive measures and significant increase in road crashes due to the increase in the number of vehicles and lack of sound road safety policies.
18. The presenters also highlighted ongoing collaboration between SITRASS and UEMOA, which includes, among others, research on road safety issues and the development of a road safety policy for UEMOA. They also mentioned some of their observations in the region, including the lack of follow-up of infrastructure projects so as to measure their impact on road safety, and the creation of ineffective road safety coordination structures. In terms of the way forward, they recommended that governments designate institutions responsible for road safety, build partnerships with the Civil Society, demonstrate strong political will, and provide training to road safety officials, and adequate finance for road safety activities.
Road Safety Management in Ethiopia Mr. Abebe Asrat
19. Mr. Asrat started by explaining the organizational arrangement of the Interim National and Regional Road Safety Committee of Ethiopia.
He then highlighted the principal causes of accident fatalities in Ethiopia, pointing out that driver error was top of the list followed by vehicle faults and pedestrian errors, respectively. In terms of accident types he noted that pedestrian strikes, vehicle overturn, fall from vehicle, and animal strikes were the most prevalent. Mr. Asrat also outlined some road safety achievements in Ethiopia, including the introduction of road safety community campaigns in rural areas, and road safety audits. These actions have resulted in a reduction of death due to road accidents by over 40 %.